Differentiation Matters!

Six Successful Cross Curricular Strategies That Provide Process Support for African American K-6th Grade Learners


  • Tami Morton Texas A&M University-Commerce
  • Jennifer Dyer Texas A&M University-Commerce


Differentiation, culturally relevant pedagogy, African American


This article provides an in-depth examination of differentiation, instructional strategies that cater to all learners. Differentiation is beneficial when teachers are able to select content, process, and products that meet student’s needs. While teachers incorporate differentiation to modify instruction with struggling students, gifted and talented students, English Language Learners, and culturally diverse learners, this article specifically focuses on African American learners in K-6th grades. Elementary-level African American students can benefit from differentiation that include culturally relevant processes. Teachers of elementary grades must be prepared to teach all curricular areas including English language arts, reading, math, science, social studies, and history. English language arts, history, math, science, and social studies strategies are explored in this article. Recommendations have been made to make them culturally relevant pedagogy. Six strategies are introduced that provide examples of each of the recommended processes for various curricular areas that can be used with African American students.





Author Biography

  • Jennifer Dyer, Texas A&M University-Commerce

    Jennifer Dyer Ph. D.  is a Professor in the Department of Curriculum & Instruction at Texas A & M University in Commerce, Texas.  In addition, she currently serves as Interim Assistant Dean for the Graduate School. She teaches undergraduate, master’s and doctoral courses. Dr. Dyer has taught in elementary school and has conducted numerous workshops for teachers in childcare and elementary settings. Her primary research interests are teacher’s beliefs and change, equity and diversity education for preservice and in service teachers.  She can be reached by email, [email protected].


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